top of page

What Are Kidney Stones And How To Prevent Them

Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, are solid deposits that form within the kidneys. They can cause excruciating pain and discomfort, often requiring medical intervention for treatment. Women who have experienced both childbirth and kidney stones have stated both processes are almost equally as painful. Understanding the causes of kidney stones is essential for prevention. The various factors that contribute to the formation of kidney stones and effective preventive measures will be discussed below.

Dietary Factors

One of the primary causes of kidney stones is an unhealthy diet. Diets high in sodium, animal protein, and refined sugars can increase the risk of stone formation. Excessive consumption of salt leads to increased calcium levels in the urine, promoting the development of calcium-based stones. Animal protein can elevate the uric acid levels in the urine, increasing the likelihood of uric acid stones. To prevent kidney stones, it is crucial to maintain a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins while minimising the intake of processed foods and sodas.


Inadequate fluid intake is a significant risk factor for kidney stone formation. When the body is dehydrated, the urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals and substances to crystallise and form stones. Staying properly hydrated is essential to maintain a higher urine volume, which helps dilute urine and prevent the formation of kidney stones. Consuming an adequate amount of water, especially in warmer climates like ours or during physical activity, is crucial to prevent dehydration and reduce the risk of stone development.

Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions can predispose individuals to develop kidney stones. Conditions such as hyperparathyroidism, urinary tract infections, cystic kidney diseases, and metabolic disorders like gout increase the risk of stone formation. If an individual has a medical condition that contributes to kidney stones, it is essential to work closely with a healthcare professional to manage the condition effectively and minimise the risk of stone recurrence.

Lifestyle Factors

Various lifestyle factors can contribute to kidney stone formation. Sedentary behaviour and obesity have been linked to an increased risk of stone development. Physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce the risk of kidney stones. Additionally, certain medications, such as diuretics or antacids containing calcium, can increase the likelihood of stone formation. It is important to consult with a healthcare provider about the potential side effects of medications and explore alternative options if necessary.

Kidney stones can be a painful and disruptive condition, but with proper understanding and preventive measures, their occurrence can be significantly reduced. It is essential to prioritise kidney health and seek advice from your medical practitioner when necessary to prevent complications and maintain overall well-being.

Your health concerns matter to us, and at Clinipath Malta, we are committed to providing the support you need. Our talented team of scientists and healthcare professionals conduct thorough medical testing to help you find the answers you seek.

Take the first step towards a healthier future by contacting us now to schedule your consultation. You can reach us at +356 21221355, 9985 2404, or by emailing

132 views0 comments


bottom of page